REPRESENTATIONAL FRAGMENTS OF THE CONSTRUCTION OF NATION AND NATIONAL IDENTITY IN THE CINEMA OF YILMAZ GUNEY: ANALYSIS OF THE FILMS ENDIŞE, AĞIT, AND HUDUTLARIN KANUNU
Films by Yılmaz Güney provide the history of cinema in Turkey with a cinematic comprehension that is thoroughly competent at reflecting the economic, social, and political problems of the country. A remarkable part of Güney's films subjects the social problems of Anatolian peoples to an in-depth analysis approach which is equipped with class consciousness. By virtue of Güney’s class-based theoretical perspective, his films widely differ from the Social Realist cinema tradition in Turkey, which developed around 1960-65 and had an explicit humanistic emphasis on solidarity (Daldal, 2013). Thereby, in most of the artistic works by Güney, including those which mainly concentrate on individual stories of particular protagonists, it is possible to trace explicit hints of a societal examination, which sheds light on the socio-economic dynamics of Turkey.
Engels’s encyclopedic work Anti-Dühring is based on a criticism of the views of Eugen Dühring, who came up in the German workers' movement and attacked Marx's theory by declaring himself the new prophet of socialism. Dühring's program on the economic emancipation of the working class consisted of the “federation of economic communes”, which he called “the natural economic system of society”
If the Makhno Movement (Makhnovshchina) which governed southern Ukraine in the period of 1917-1921 may be accepted as a rare example of “anarchism in power” and the claim is widespread that Makhno put into practice on the basis of “free soviets” and “village communes” an alternative practice to the communism of the Bolsheviks, then the example of Makhno is an opportunity for the comparative study of these two models in practical application.
The transition to what Marx termed a new metabolism with nature means that the system of production must be one subject to conscious planning rather than just a self-organized response to market demand. Advocacy of conscious planning in kind has been a preoccupation of mine for almost forty years now and is most prominently expressed in Towards a New Socialism. In this article, I will look at some of the computer engineering and computer algorithm problems that I had researched to provide the background to that book and how I have now returned to them to address the issue of environmental planning.
In his short but comprehensive article, Harvey poses the question “what … was Marx’s distinctive value theory and how does it differ from the labor theory of value?” And he comments on almost all concepts and discussions within Marxism, allocating at least one sentence for each. It is my opinion that there are several theoretical criticisms to be raised against Harvey’s account of the theory of value presented in his intense essay. But first, let’s give a brief presentation of Harvey’s account of the Marxist theory of value.
Kerala has emerged as a shining example of how to beat the coronavirus. The first state in India to have Covid positive cases (back in January), it also became the first Indian state to nearly flatten the curve. It also has among the highest recovery rates among all Indian states. This model is so evidently effective that global publications from Washington Post to The Guardian have celebrated the success. What makes these headlines more interesting is that Kerala is ruled by a Communist party.
It is an often mentioned claim that on the eve of the Chinese Popular Revolution, Joseph Stalin, leader of the Soviet Union, asked Mao Zedong not to begin the Chinese People’s Liberation Army’s (PLA) final assault against the Nanjing Government. This claim, which rests on diverse memories and narratives of Mao Zedong and Zhou Enlai1 has become a cause for debate first between the historians of the USSR and the PRC, and then between Russia and China.
I am a few kilometers away from the Indian occupied part of Jammu Kashmir. I can directly contact any part of the world, but not my own home state of Jammu Kashmir whose inhabitants are living under constant curfew since 5th of August 2019, when the Indian premier Narendra Modi autocratically abrogated autonomic status of Jammu Kashmir
In addition to debunking some myths about the Latin and Arabic scripts as used for Turkish, I will make use of comparison to other cases of 20th century orthographic reforms, and situate these discussions in the broader context of political-cultural-ideological-educational hegemony.
August 5 2019 proved to be a dark day in the history of Kashmir, the consequences of which will unfold and shape lives for decades to come. The newly re-elected Modi led Bhartiya Janata Party (BJP) government in India introduced a bill to revoke Article 370 and Article 35A of the Indian Constitution which allowed greater federal autonomy to the state of Jammu & Kashmir.
Can we explain power relations through concepts like biopolitics, necropolitics, sovereign power? Do these concepts signify rupture with the ideology of modernity and the Enlightenment? J. Moufawad Paol's final installment in his three-part series takes up these questions.
One can only hope that the dissenting movements that exist outside the electoral sphere, in the form of farmers protests and mobilizations, Dalit protests, and student movements gain strength and rise up in what will otherwise be dark days for the people of India.
Will Modi’s BJP suffer a blow at the ballot box? What is the political and economic context in India? Literally everything you need to know about the ongoing Indian elections, the largest elections in history.
Political sociologist Kumru Toktamış and journalist/sociologist Abby Scher analyze the impact of the #MeToo movement which started in the US and spread across the globe. This piece, which presents the historical development of the women’s movement in the United States through brief sketches, discusses the conditions which could facilitate the realization of the radical potential of the #MeToo movement.
While it is largely forgotten today, one of the important events of the Cold War period was the split between the Soviet Union and the People's Republic of China of the year 1960 and on, maintains its' key role in the comprehension of the history of socialism as well as the state of contemporary political affairs. What were the causes, implications, and results of various phases of the rivalry between Moscow and Beijing when both countries claimed to be at the vanguard of the world revolution?
This piece will attempt to briefly outline from a Marxist perspective the development of a separate territory in the US south, and the struggle of the downtrodden Afro-American people who populate it, a story which is crucial to understanding the dynamics of US imperialism “within the belly of the beast”.
In this piece, we attempt to analyse why the Bolivarian process developed under the leadership of Hugo Chavez and after his untimely death, led by Nicolas Maduro, had entered an impasse.
The rise of China as an economic power, and Russia as a military power, are among the most significant facts of the past decade. The winds of a “new Cold War” that followed Trump’s election can be viewed as the US’s response to Russia and China’s attempts to counter US Hegemony.